South Shore, Staten Island, New York City
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The South Shore is a geographical term applied to the area of Staten Island, New York, USA south and east of the island's ridge of hills (and Richmond Creek and Fresh Kills south of Historic Richmond Town) along the waterfront and adjacent areas from the Narrows to the mouth of the Arthur Kill, although many observers prefer to restrict its scope to the neighborhoods located between the shoreline of Raritan Bay on one side and Richmond Creek and Fresh Kills on the other, thus encompassing the neighborhoods of Great Kills to Tottenville only. Those who choose to recognize this more narrow definition of the "South Shore" reckon the communities that lie along the Lower New York Bay, and inland for approximately 2 to 2½ miles, from Bay Terrace and Richmondtown to as far north as Grasmere and Concord, as the East Shore.
Geologically, the area is the plain formed from the edge of the terminal moraine, and continues as an underwater shoal into Lower New York Bay, where it historically was a prime oystering ground in the 19th century.
In colonial times and later, the area was heavily farmed. After the building of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge, its population rose sharply.
However territorially defined, the South Shore is noted for the rapid suburbanization that took place in the area during the 1960s and 1970s. Its population is predominantly white, but according to census data has been growing more heterogeneous in recent years. The area generally has a low crime rate except for car thefts, which are among the highest rates in the five boroughs, vandalism and youth gangs are also a problem.
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