Borough Park, Brooklyn, New York City
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Borough Park (usually spelled by its residents Boro Park), is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City in the United States.
Borough Park is home to one of the largest Orthodox Jewish communities outside of Israel. With an estimated Jewish population that may be as high as 250,000 Jews, which includes many hasidic and chareidi Jews. It has one of the largest concentrations of Jews in the United States and is among the most Orthodox neighborhoods in the world.
Borough Park is home to many Hasidic groups with the largest being the Hasidic communities of Bobov; as well as large numbers in the Belz, Ger, Satmar, Stolin, Vizhnitz, Munkacz, Spinka,Klausenburg, and Puppa communities, among others. It is also home to many hareidi non-Hasidic or Lithuanian Jews, typically called Litvish or Yeshivish with a smaller number of Modern Orthodox Jews.
Its "heart" lies between 12th and 18th Avenues and 40th and 62nd Streets.
The neighborhood has made many transformations in the recent decades. Demographically, it has changed from a largely diverse neighborhood of Italian, Irish, and modern Jewish families to an enclave of Hasidic Jewish families. These families, which tend to have several children, often require larger homes, and this has fueled construction and renovation projects across the neighborhood. The vast majority of these projects involve larger bedrooms and kitchens. Since 1990, the Building Department has issued more permits for private construction projects - new homes and additions - in the Borough Park area than in any other residential neighborhood in Brooklyn." These construction projects were aided with a new law in 1992, which established Borough Park as a special zoning district where residents could build on 65% of their lot. This reduced the size of setbacks and backyards tremendously.
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